Day 24: Black History Month: “When God Visited Haiti: Haitian Religious Scholars and Theologians You Should Know About”

Day 24: Black History Month: “When God Visited Haiti: Haitian Religious Scholars and Theologians You Should Know About”

Artist Harmonia Rosales Re-Imagines “The Creation of Adam” with Black Women
  • Duverneau Trouillot was a trained Haitian lawyer, ethnologist, and civil servant. He served as Secretary of State of Justice and Religion and was the first Haitian ethnologist to study Vodou in the Haitian society. In 1885, he published the first ethnographic sketch on Haitian Vodou.

Recommended writings: Esquisse ethnographique: Le vaudoun; Apercu historique et evolutions (1885); Le vaudoun: aperçu historique et évolutions (1948).

  • Milo Rigaud was an Africanist scholar, ethnologist, a lawyer, a poet, and a political activist. He studied law in Haiti and ethnology in France.

Recommended writings: La Tradition voudoesque et le voudou haitien (1953); Tradition voudoo et le voudoo haitien (1932);Rites et rythmes (1933); Jésus ou Legba? ou les Dieux se battent, école du symbolisme afro-haïtien (1933); Secrets of Voodoo (1985); La tradition voodoo et le vooudoo haitien: Son temple, ses mysteres, sa magie (1953); Vè-vè : diagrammes rituels du voudou (1974); La tradition voudoo et le voudoo haïtien : son temple, ses mystères, sa magie (2015) (with Odette M. Minnesson-Rigaud).

  • Odette M. Mennesson-Rigaud was an ethnologist and writer.

Recommended writings: “The Feasting of the Gods in Haitian Vodou” (2008); “Le role du vaudou dans l’Independance d’Haiti” (1958); La tradition voudoo et le voudoo haïtien: son temple, ses mystères, sa magie (2015) (with Milo Rigaud).

  • Justin Chrysostome Dorsainvil (“J.C. Dorsainvil,”) was an educator, a historian, and a famous religious scholar of Haitian Vdou. He was the first scholar to have employed Freudian psychoanalysis approach and theory to study the phenomenon of spirit possession in Haitian Vodou.

Recommended writings: “Une explication philologique du vòdū: communication faite à la Société d’histoire et de géographie d’Haïti” (1924); Voudou et névrose: médico-sociologie (1931); Une Explication Philologique du Vaudou (1924); Psychologie haïtienne: Vodou et magie (1937).

  • Arthur C. Holly was a Haitian-American medical doctor and the son of the famous African American Episcopalian Bishop James Theodore Holly and the First African American Bishop in the Episcopal Church and Bishop of Haiti.

Recommended works: Les daimons du culte voudu (1918); Dra-Po étude ésotérique de Egregore Africain, traditionnel, social et national de Haiti (1928).

  • Jean Price-Mars was a Haitian Medical doctor, historian, ethnologist, and Professor and Dean at the State University of Haiti. He was the most influential Haitian intellectual in the twentieth century and through his writings, he called for the valorization of African cultures and traditions in Haiti, such as the Vodou religion.

Recommended works: Ainsi parla l’Oncle (1928); Une etape de l’evolution haitienne (1929); “Lemba-Petro: Un culte secret; Son histoire, sa localization” (1938); Folkflore et patriotism (1951); “Antoine Innocent, Ethnographe” (1953); So, Spoke the Uncle (1983).

  • Louis Mars was the first Haitian medical doctor (a psychiatrist) and the son of Jean Price-Mars.

Recommended writings: La crise de possession: essais de psychiatrie comparée (1955); La psychopathologie du vaudou (1948); “La crise de possession dans le vaudou” (1952); “Nouvelle Contribution a l’etude de la crise de possession” (1953); “La Crise de possession et la personalite humaine en Haiti” (1964); “Une Nouvelle etape dans la reflexion sur les theolepsies en Haiti” (1976); The Crisis of Possession in Voodoo (1977).

  • Jacques Roumain was a Haitian novelist, poet, ethnologist, Marxist intellectual, and the founder of Haitian Communist Party in 1934. Upon his return to Haiti, in 1941, he established the Institute of Ethnology in Haiti to study Haitian culture and the Vodou religion.

Recommended writings: Gouvernerus de la rosee (1946) (English translation: Masters of the Dew, 1948); “A propos de la campagne ‘anti-supertitieuse’” (1942); Le sacrifice du tambour-assoto (r) (1943); Oeuvres completes (2003) edited by Leon-Francois Hoffmann.

  • Milo Marcelin was a brilliant religious scholar and prominent authority of the Vodou religion. The was the younger brother of the famous Haitian novelists Philippe-Thoby and Pierre Marcelin, the author of Canape-Vert (1943).

Recommended writings: Mythologie vodou: rite arada (1950); Nouvelles etudes: Legba Ayizan, Loko (1954); Mythologie Vodou (1949); “Le Vodou, religion Populaire” (1955); “Ecrivains etrangers et le vodou” (1956); “Dances et Chants Vodou” (1956); “Le Vodou, Religion Populaire” (1956).

  • Carl Edward Peters was a Haitian Catholic Bishop, writer, and theologian. He supported the anti-superstition campaign against Vodou and Vodou adepts in Haiti.

Recommended writings: Lumiere sur le vodou (1941); Les Services de loas (1956); La Croix contre l’asson (1960).

  • Rachel Beauvoir-Dominique was a Mambo and a brilliant anthropologist and religious scholar who wrote prolifically about the defense and role of Vodou in the Haitian culture. She was Professor at the State University of Haiti and studied Cultural Anthropology at Tufts University and Social Anthropology at University of Oxford. She was the daughter of the eminent National leader of Haitian Vodou Max Beauvoir.

Recommended works: L’ancienne cathedrale de Port-au-Prince: Perspectives d’un vestige de carrefours (1991); “Underground Realms of Being: Vodou Magic” (1995); “Rara!: Vodou, Power, and Performance in Haiti and its Diaspora “ (2004); “Liberer le double, la beaute sera convulsive: A propos d’une collection d’art vodou” (2005); Vodou songs : from Savalou E, or a word to the wise (is enough) (2009) (with Boadiba.; Jack Hirschman; Didier Dominique); Vaudou (2003) (with Michel Le Bris; Centre culturel Abbaye de Daoulas); The rock images of Haiti : a living heritage (2009); The Vodou-Makaya artistic tradition in Haïti’s heritage (2008); Des traditions plastiques vodou-makaya dans le patrimoine haïtien (2008); La valeur sociale du vodou à travers l’histoire : esclavage, migrations et solidarité/ The Social Value of Voodoo throughout History: Slavery, Migrations and Solidarity (2010); Bois caïman : investigations autour du site historique du Bois Caïman (2019); Religion et histoire (2001) (with Laennec Hurbon).

  • Michel S. Laguerre is Professor and Director of the Berkeley Center for Globalization and Information Technology at the University of California at Berkeley.

Recommended works: “Le Tambour et la danse dans la liturgie chretienne en Haiti” (1972); Nativism in Haiti: The Politics of Vodou (1973); “The Failure of the Christianity among the Slaves of Haiti” (1973); “An Ecological Approach to Voodoo” (1974); Etudes sur le Vodou haitien (1979); Voodoo and Politics in Haiti (1989); “The Voodoization of Politics in Haiti” (1998); “Bizango: A Voodoo Secret Society in Haiti” (1980); Voodoo Heritage (1980).

  • Patrick Bellegarde-Smith is a professor emeritus of Africology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He obtained a Ph.D. from The American University in international studies and taught in that field. Later, he taught courses in both African American and Women’s Studies. His scholarship presently is in the areas of African and neo-African religious thought and social philosophy, with an emphasis on national and cultural identities.”

Recommended works: “The Gede: Vignettes of Life, Death, the Dead and Rebirth “ (2004: “In the Spirit of the Thing: Religious Thought and Social/Historical Memory” (2005); “The spirit of the thing: religious thought and social/historical memory (2005); Fragments of Bone: Neo-African Religions in a New World (2005); “Resisting Freedom: Cultural Factors in Democracy; The Case for Haiti” (2006); Vodou in Haitian Life and Culture: Invisible Power (edited with Claudine Michel) (2006); “Speaking of Faith: Living Vodou” (2008); Haitian Vodou: Spirit, Myth, and Reality (edited with Claudine Michel) (2006); “Danbala/Ayida as cosmic prism: The Lwa as trope for understanding metaphysics in Haitian Vodou and beyond” (with Claudine Michel) (2013).

  • Claudine Michel is Professor of Black Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She holds a PhD in International Education.

Recommended works: Aspects Educatifs et Moraux du Vodou Haitien (1995); “Of worlds seen and unseen: The educational character of Haitian Vodou” (1996); “Vodou in Haiti: Way of life and mode of survival” (2002); “Le pouvoir moral et spirituel des femmes dans le vodou Haïtien: La Voix de Mama Lola et de Karen McCarthy Brown” (2003): Vodou in Haitian Life and Culture: Invisible Power (edited with Patrick Bellegarde) (2006); “Le Vodou haïtien est-il un humanisme?” (2006); Haitian Vodou: Spirit, Myth, and Reality (edited with Patrick Bellegarde) (2006); “Vodou in Haiti: Way of Life and Mode of Survival” (2006); “Danbala/Ayida as cosmic prism: The Lwa as trope for understanding metaphysics in Haitian Vodou and beyond” (with Patrick Bellegarde-Smith) (2013).

  • Gerdes Fleurant holds a PhD in music and is Professor Emeritius of Music Culture at Wellesley College.

Recommended works: Dancing Spirit: Rhythms and Rituals of Haitan Vodoun, the Rada Rite (1996); “The Song of Freedom: Vodou, Conscientization, and Popular Culture in Haiti” (2006); “Vodun, Music, and Society in Haiti: Affirmation and Identity” (2006).

  • Max Gesner Beauvoir was the former “Ati” of the Haitian Vodou in Haiti. He held advanced degrees in biochemistry.

Recommended works: “Selected medicinal plants of Haitian Vodou” (2001); “Herbs and Energy: The Holistic Medical System of the Haitian People” (2006); La Priere Dior; Lapriyè Ginen (2008); Le grand recueil sacré: ou répertoire des chansons du vodou Haïtien (2008).

  • Leslie Desmangles is Professor of Religion and International Studies at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut. He holds a PhD in Anthropology of Religion from Temple University.

Recommended works: “Rites baptismaux. Symbiose du Vodou et du catholicisme a Haiti” (1977); God in Haitian Vodun: a case in cultural symbiosis (1976); “African Religions in Brazil “ (1979); “The Maroon republics and religious diversity in colonial Haiti” (1990); The Faces of the Gods: Vodou and Roman Catholicism in Haiti (1992);   “La coexistence des types religieux différents dans l’ Haïtien contemporain” (1994); Encyclopedia of African and African American Religions (2001); “African Interpretations of the Christian Cross in Vodou” (2006).

  • Charles Poisset Romain “received a Ph.D. in Sociology from University of Paris Sorbonne, France. His work is informed by his experience as a Pastor, his academic activities, his research and extensive publications. He received several awards from institutions around the world.”

Recommended works: Le protestantisme dans la societe haitienne. Contribution a l’etude sociologique d’une religion, Tome I (1986); Le protestantisme dans la société haitienne. Tome II: contribution à l’étude historique, sociographique et descriptive d’une religion (2004); Histoire de l’oecuménisme en Haiti (1998).

  • Lewis Ampidu Clormeus is a brilliant religious scholar and prominent Haitian sociologist of religion. He studied in France for a PhD in Sociology of Religion and did postdoctoral research at the Laboratory of Excellence Constitution of Modernity (LabEx COMOD) of the University of Lyon. Currently, he is a Professor of socio-anthropology and anthropology of religions at the State University of Haiti.

Recommended works: Entre l’État, les élites et les religions en Haïti: redécouvrir la campagne anti-superstitieuse de 1939-1942  (2012); “À propos de la seconde campagne antisuperstitieuse en Haïti (1911-1912) “ (2012); “L’Eglise catholique face a la diversite religieuse a Port-au-Prince (1942-2012)” (2014); “Les Stratégies de lutte contre la «superstition» en Haïti au XIXe siècle  (2014); “La demonstration durkheimienne de Jean Price-Mars: faire du vodou haitien une religion” (2012); État, religions et politique en Haïti (2014); “La situation religieuse en Haïti après le séisme du 12 janvier 2010” (2014);  “Aspects des relations entre l’Église et l’État en Haïti. Le concordat du 28 mars 1860” (2014); Duverneau Trouillot et le Vodou (2016); Le vodou haïtien, entre mythes et constructions savants (2015); Le vodou, le prêtre et l’ethnologue: Retour sur la polémique Joseph Foisset / Jacques Roumain (Haïti, 1942) (2020).

  • Paul Mocombe is a Haitian philosopher and sociologist. He currently works as a professor of philosophy and sociology at West Virginia State University. He holds a PhD in Sociology and Philosophy from Florida Atlantic University.

Recommended writings: The Vodou ethic and the Spirit of Communism: The Practical Consciousness of the African people of Haiti (2016); Capitalism, Lakouism, and Libertarian Communism (2020); Haitian epistemology (2019). Mind, body, and consciousness in society: thinking Vygotsky via Chomsky (2018).

  • Margaret Mitchell Armand was a Haitian mambo and an independent scholar.  She held a PhD in Conflict Analysis and Resolution from Nova Southeastern University.

Recommended writings: Healing in the Homeland: Haitian Vodou Tradition (2013); “Paintaing the Invisible: The Lwas of Haitian Vodou” (2004).

  • Gérard Alphonse Férère is a Haitian linguist and historian. He holds a PhD in linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania. He is Emeritus Professor at Saint Joseph University, a Jesuite University in Philadephia.

Recommended writings: What is Haitian Voodoo? (1979); Le vodouisme haïtien (1989); Vèvè: l’art rituel du vodou haïtien = ritual art of Haitian vodou = arte ritual del vodú haïtiano (with Nancy Turnier Férère) (2005); Haiti: Le Vodou au troisieme millenaire (co-authored) (2002); Le vodou haïtien sans mystification mythes, mystères, mystique: étude ethno-descriptive (2015).

  • Catts Pressoir was a prominent Haitian historian and educator, and an authority on the history of Protestant Christianity in Haiti. For many people, he is known as the father of ecclesiastical history in Haiti.

Recommended writings: “Le protestantisme en Haiti” (1938); Le protestantisme haitien, vol. 1 (1945); Le protestantisme haitien, vol. 2 (1946).

  • Jean-Bertrand Aristide (PhD, African languages: University of South Africa) is Former President of Haiti and Founder of University of the Aristide Foundation (UniFA), Haiti.

 Recommended Writings: In the Parish of the Poor: Writings from Haiti (1990); Théologie et politique (1992); Aristide: An Autobiography (1993); Tout homme est un homme (1992); Névrose vétéro-testamentaire (1994); Dignity (1996); Eyes of the Heart: Seeking a Path for the Poor in the Age of Globalization (2000); Haiti-Haiti: Philosophical Reflections for Mental Decolonization (2011).

  • Laënnec Hurbon (PhD, Theology: Institut Catholique de Paris; PhD, Sociology: Sorbonne University) is Professor at the Faculty of Human Sciences and President of the Scientific Council of the Doctoral College at the Université d’État d’Haïti (UEH) (State University of Haiti), Haiti.

Recommended Writings: Dieu dans le Vodou haitien (1972); Le Barbare imaginaire (1987); Les mystères du vaudou/Voodoo: Search for the Spirit (1993); “The Church and Slavery in Eighteenth-Century Saint-Domingue” (2003); Religion et lien social. L’Eglise et l’Etat modern en Haiti (2004); “Les eglises dans la reconstruction d’Haiti” (2012).

  • Jules Casseus (D.Min., Pastoral Theology: Colgate Rochester Divinity School) is Former President of the North Haiti Christian University (UCNH) in Haut-Limbé, Haiti.

Recommended Writings: Pour une Église Authentiquement Haitien (1987); Théologie Pastorale: Etre un bon Pasteur dans un monde Corrompu (1997); Ethique Chrétienne: Etre un enfant de lumière dans un-Monde de Ténèbres (2001); Haïti, quelle église– quelle libération? (réflexions théologiques contextuelles autour des évènements socio-politiques et ecclésiologiques allant du 7 février 1986 au 7 février 1991) (1991); Haiti : what kind of church … what kind of freedom? (2004); Élements de théologie haïtienne (2007); Toward a contextual Haitian theology (2013).

  • Fritz Fontus (PhD, Theology) served as Pastor of the Evangelical Baptist Church, Miami, U.S.A.

Recommended Writings: Le chrétien et la politique (1982); Effective communication of the Gospel in Haiti: its inculturation (2001); Les Églises protestantes en Haïti. Communication et inculturation (2001).

  • Celucien L.  Joseph (PhD, Systematic Theology and Ethics: University of Pretoria; PhD, Literary Studies: University of Texas at Dallas) is Associate Professor of English at India River State College, U.S.A.

Recommended Writings: Theologizing in Black: On Africana Theological Ethics and Anthropology (2020), Revolutionary Change and Democratic Religion: Christianity, Vodou, and Secularism (2020); The New Life Catechism for Children (2019); “Faith, Hope, and the Poor: Theological Ideas and Moral Vision of Jean-Betrand Aristide” (Doctoral dissertation, 2017); “The Rhetoric of Prayer: Dutty Boukman, The Discourse of “Freedom from Below,” and the Politics of God,” Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Religion2:9 (June 2011):1-33; “The Rhetoric of Suffering, Hope, and Redemption in Masters of the Dew: A Rhetorical and Politico-Theological Analysis of Manuel as Peasant-messiah and Redeemer,” Theology Today (October 2013) 70: 323-350; “Redefining cultural, national, and religious identity: The Christian–Vodouist dialogue?” Theology Today, 2016, Vol. 73(3) 241–262; “Toward a Politico-Theology of Relationality: Justice as Solidarity and the Poor in Aristide’s Theological Imagination,” Toronto School of Theology30: 2 (December 2014): 269-300; “Viv Dechoukaj Long Live Uprooting Aristide s Politico theology of Defensive Violence,” Black Theology, 15:3 (2017):185-208; “James Cone and the Crisis of American Theology,” Missionalia, v46 n2 (2018): 197-221; “The Meaning of James H. Cone and the Significance of Black Theology: Some Reflections on His Legacy,” Black Theology, v18 n2 (2020): 112-143; “Theodicy and Black Theological Anthropology in James Cone’s Theological Identity,” Toronto Journal of Theology, v35 n1 (2019): 83-111; “Towards a Caribbean Political Theology of Emancipation and Decolonization: A Comparative Analysis of Four Caribbean Theologians,” Black theology, 16, no. 2, (2018): 148-180.

  • Jean Fils-Aimé (PhD, Theology: Université de Montréal) is pastor and the host of the show Lumière sur le monde (“Light on the World”)’ in Montreal, Canada.

 Recommended Writings: “L’inculturation de la foi chrétienne au contexte du vodou haïtien: une analyse de l’oeuvre de trois théologiens protestants haïtiens” (Doctoral dissertation, 2005); Vodou, je me souviens (2005); Et si les loas n’étaient pas des diables? une enquête à la lumière des religions comparées; essai (2008); Le nécessaire dialogue entre le vaudou et la foi chrétienne: l”inculturation de la foi chrétienne au contexte du vaudou (2010); 200 ans de zombification massive. Les églises évangéliques en Haïti. Le temps des bilans (2017).

  • Karl Lévêque (PhD, Philosophy: Université de Strasbourg) was the co-founder of the Bureau de la Communauté Chrétienne des Haitiens de Montréal (BCCHM) in Montréal, Canada.

Recommended Writings: “La philosophie de la connaissance chez Lucien Lévy-Bruhl” (Doctoral dissertation, 1967); De la théologie politique à la théologie de la revolution (1970); L’interpellation mystique dans le discours duvaliérien, in Nouvelle Optique (1971); L’analyse sociale: pour voir au changement, in Relations (1982); En cas de conflit: une Église en situation de conflit (198?); L’analyse politique: idéologie et mentalité sociale (1993).

  • Ronald Charles (PhD, New Testament/Early Christianity: University of Toronto) is Assistant Professor in the Religious Studies Department at St. Francis Xavier University, Canada.

Recommended Writings: Paul and the Politics of Diaspora (2014); Traductions Bibliques Créoles et Préjugés Linguistiques (2015); The Silencing of Slaves in early Jewish and Christian Writings (2019); “Interpreting the Book of Revelation in the Haitian context.” Black Theology: An International Journal 9.2 (2011) 177-198; “Q as a question from a postcolonial point of view.” Black Theology: An International Journal 7.2 (August 2009) 182-199.

  • Abson Joseph (PhD, New Testament Studies: Brunel University/London School of Theology) currently serves as the Academic Dean of Wesley Seminary and Professor of New Testament at Indiana Wesleyan University, U.S.A.

Recommended Writings: Shaping Theological Education in the Caribbean: A Community Approach (2011); A Narratological Reading of 1 Peter (2012).

  • Dieumeme Noelliste (PhD, Theological Studies: Northwestern University) is Professor of Theological Ethics and the Vernon Grounds Chair of Pastoral Ministry and Social Ethics at Denver Seminary, U.S.A.

Recommended Writings: Shaping Theological Education in the Caribbean: A Community Approach (2011); Diverse and Creative Voices: Theological Essays from the Majority World (2015); Les religions afro-caribeennes a la lumiere de la foi chretienne: Similitudes et differences (2019).

  • Jean Duthène Joseph (PhD, Theology: Trinity Theological Seminary) is Chancellor of the Séminaire de Théologie Evangélique de Port-au-Prince (STEP) (the Evangelical Theological Seminary of Port-au-Prince) in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

 Recommended Writings: “The Symbiotic Relationship Between Roman Catholicism and Haitian Vodou and the Impact of their Association on the Protestant Church and Community in Haiti” (Doctoral dissertation, 2006); Le millénium: une réalité incontournable dans le plan de Dieu pour la fin des temps (2012); La foi judéo-chrétienne à la croisée des chemins (2017).

  • Chantale Victor Guiteau (PhD, Theology: South African Theological Seminary) is professor of practical theology at the Centre de Formation Théologique academia cum spiritu, Haiti.

 Recommended Writings: “The Role of Evangelical Churches in Combating Structural Corruption in Haiti” (Doctoral dissertation, 2017); Combating Structural Corruption in Haiti: Role and Contribution of Evangelical Churches (2020); Les femmes dans l’expansion de l’Eglise de Dieu en Haiti: rôle et contribution (2002).

  • Nixon Shaba-lom Cleophat (PhD, Systematic Theology and Social Ethics: Union Theological Seminary) is Associate Professor of Religion at Bloomfield College, U.S.A.

Recommended Writings: “A Critical Examination of Reinhold Niebuhr’s & James Cone’s Views on Sin and Redemption: Toward a Haitian Vodounist Theology of Social Evil & Human Liberation” (Doctoral dissertation, 2014); Vodou in Haitian Memory: The Idea and Representation of Vodou in Haitian Imagination (2016); Vodou in the Haitian Experience: A Black Atlantic Perspective (2016); Critical Approaches to Religion: Race, Class, Sexuality, and Gender (2018).

  • Kawas François (PhD, Theology: Institut Catholique de Paris, STBS; PhD, Sociology: Institut Catholique de Paris, FASSE) is the President of the Jesuit Interprovincial Committee for the Reconstruction of Haiti and founding member of the National Committee for Reflection and Action. Currently, he serves as Professor of Sociology at the Université d’État d’Haïti (UEH) (State University of Haiti) and the founder and Director of the Centre de Réflexion et de Recherche Interdisciplinaire (CRI) des Jésuites, Haiti.

Recommended Writings: “Nouvelle évangélisation et culture haïtienne: évolution institutionnelle de l’Eglise catholique en Haïti après le Concile Vatican II et son nouveau rapport au Vaudou” (Doctoral dissertation, 1994); L’Eglise catholique à l’épreuve du pluralisme religieux. Re- Cherche Documentaire sur la situation actuelle de l’Eglise catholique par Rapport aux Autres religion (2003); Vaudou et Catholicisme en Haïti à l’aube du au XXI ̊ : des repères pour un dialogue(2005); Sources documentaires de l’histoire des jésuites en Haïti aux XVIIIe et XXe siècles : 1704-1763, 1953-1964 (2006); L’histoire des jésuites en Haïti aux XVIIIe et XXe siècles : 1704-1763, 1953-1964 (2006); L’ètat et l’èglise Catholique en Haïti aux XIX ̊et XX ̊siècles (1860-1980) : documents officiels, déclarations, correspondances etc. : Tome I (2006); Jésuites, sciences et changement social en Haïti, hier et aujourd’hui : un engagement intellectuel au service des autres (2010).

  • William Smarth (PhD, Theology) is Professor of Theology and History of the Haitian Catholic Church at the Centre Inter-Instituts de Formation Religieuse (CIFOR).

Recommended Writings: Mentalité chrétienne pour le développement: simples réflexions pour le stage de formation missionnaire (1968); Ki kalite demokrasi nou bezwen ann Ayiti (1991); L’Église concordataire sous la dictature des Duvalier (1957-1983) (2000); Histoire de l’Église catholique d’Haïti, 1492-2003: des points de repère (2015).

  • Godefroy Midy (PhD, Theology: Université de Montréal; PhD, Fordham University) is Professor of Christian Spirituality and Practical theology at the Centre de spiritualité Manrèse, Tabarre, Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

Recommended Writings: “Ralph Waldo Emerson ‘s Philosophy of the Person” (Doctoral dissertation, 1971); “Jalons pour une théologie haitienne libératrice en dialogue avec G. Gutierrez et J.L. Segundo” (Doctoral dissertation, 1977); “Evangéliser Haiti pour une culture de vie,” Bulletin de Liaison, Vol. IX, No. 3, Centre Pedro-Arrupe, Haiti (Octobre 2004), p. 2-17.

  • Henri Claude Télusma (PhD, Theology: Université de Strasbourg) is Professor of theology and Academic Dean at the Université Chrétienne du Nord d’Haïti (UCNH), Haiti.

Recommended Writings: “Une analyse théologique de la coexistence christianisme/vaudou en Haïti : ouverture pour un dialogue interreligieux A theological analysis of the coexistence Christianity / Voodoo in Haiti : opening for an interreligious dialogue” (Doctoral dissertation, 2017); Théologie et prédication dans le contexte actuel d’Haïti (2017); Bicentenaire du protestantisme en Haïti : enjeux et perspectives théologiques (2015); État des lieux des rapports antagonistes entre chrétiens et vodouisants en Haïti (2018).

  • Manassé Pierre-Louis (PhD. cand., Theology: Université de Strasbourg) is Director and Founder of the organization Penser la Théologie, France and Haiti.

Recommended Writings: Bicentenaire du protestantisme en Haïti: enjeux et perspectives théologiques (2015); Théologie et prédication dans le contexte actuel d’Haïti (2017); “Le Manifeste de l’Eglise Pour Un Temps de Rupture et d’un Renouveau Spirituel” (2019); Mes raisons de croire: Questions discutées sur la foi et la raison (2020).

  • Wilner Cayo (PhD. Theology: Université de Montréal) is Lecturer in Apologetics at the École de Théologie Évangélique du Québec and Adjunct Professor of the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies of Laval University, Canada.

Recommended Writings: “L’anthropologie théologique évangélique à la rencontre de la rationalité technoscientifique” (Doctoral dissertation, 2012); “L’Église haïtienne au Québec: origine, évolution et visage actuel.” In: L’identité des protestants francophones au Québec: 1834–1997. ed. Denis Remon. Montreal: ACFAS, 1998. 139–160. Dejean, Paul. “Les haïtiens au Québec; Statut éthique de la vérité en postmodernité” (M.A. Thesis, 2004).

  • Lys Stéphane Florival (PhD, Christian Ethics/Theology: Loyola University Chicago).

Recommended Writings: “Haiti’s Troubles: Perspectives from the Theology of Work and From Liberation Theology” (Doctoral Dissertation, 2011); “Liberation ethics in Latin America: a methodological and theoretical analysis of the work of Dussel and consideration of its application to Haiti” (MA Thesis, 1989).

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